Job Hazard Analysis
What is a Job hazard Analysis and why do you need one?
OSHA defines a job hazard analysis as a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level. (Zero being the key goal) Identified risks can be mitigated or removed, reducing incidents and injuries; effectively eliminating costly downtime, medical and legal expenses, and potential citations and fines.
Why is Job Hazard Analysis important?
Many workers are injured and killed at the workplace every day in the United States. Safety and health can add value to your business, your job, and your life. You can help prevent workplace injuries and illnesses by looking at your workplace operations, establishing proper job procedures, and ensuring that all employees are trained properly. One of the best ways to determine and establish proper work procedures is to conduct a job hazard analysis. A job hazard analysis is one component of the larger commitment of a safety and health management system.
What is the value of a Job Hazard Analysis?
Supervisors can use the findings of a job hazard analysis to eliminate and prevent hazards in their workplaces. This is likely to result in fewer worker injuries and illnesses; safer, more effective work methods; reduced workers’ compensation costs; and increased worker productivity. The analysis also can be a valuable tool for training new employees in the steps required to perform their jobs safely. For a job hazard analysis to be effective, management must demonstrate its commitment to safety and health and follow through to correct any uncontrolled hazards identified. Otherwise, management will lose credibility and employees may hesitate to go to management when dangerous conditions threaten them.
What jobs are appropriate for a Job Hazard Analysis?
A job hazard analysis can be conducted on many jobs in your workplace. The following list is examples of jobs, but is not meant to be limiting:
- Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates;
- Jobs with the potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents;
- Jobs in which one simple human error could lead to a severe accident or injury;
- Jobs that are new to your operation or have undergone changes in processes and procedures; and
- Jobs complex enough to require written instructions.
Creating Your Own JHA
GBCA has templated a form that includes many types of tools, job, and conditions. Should you need a custom form for your organization, the GBCA safety services department will be glad to aid in tailoring the form for your needs.
The Job Hazard Analysis Library
GBCA can assist in creating your company’s library of JHA’s.